Most wine lovers have their own preferences in matters of choosing red wines or white wines. Usually, these preferences are mainly based on the wine’s taste. However, you need to take into consideration the wines’ nutritional value, in case that you are seeking to have a healthy meal. We will discuss below the characteristics of red wine vs. white wine.
Features of Red and White Wines
White grapes are the main ingredient to be found in white wines, and these grapes usually have no seeds or skins. Most white wines have a fruity and light taste. However, there are also some varieties of white wines that feature a richer taste. Some of the white wine types that are available on the market include Chenin Blanc, Pinot Grigio, Champagne, Chardonnay, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, and Viognier.
Red wines, on the other side, are made with black and dark red grapes. The main difference between white wines and red wines is the fact that the skin is included in the production process of the red wines, they being made of whole grapes.
Red wines usually have a richer flavor, as the skin add some flavor and color to them. In major wine-making countries such as France and Italy, red wines are the preferred type. Among the most popular red wines are included Pinot Noir, Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Zinfandel, , Malbec, Sangiovese and Syrah.
Health Benefits of Red and White Wines
Both red and white wines provide several health benefits. However, they do not provide the same benefits as fruits do, even if they are made with grapes. Some of the original nutrition of grapes is lost after they go through fermentation, but they also gain some new health benefits. Among the most important benefits of white wines is that they can prevent heart disease and improve heart health. They can also promote lung health.
Most of the health benefits of white wines are also provided by red wines. However, red wines also provide some supplementary health benefits. They have a high content in resveratrols, a powerful antioxidant family of compounds, since they contain the skins of grapes.
Resveratrols can eliminate blood clots and offer excellent protection for your blood vessels. They also effectively inhibit the enzymes that slow down immune response and stimulate the growth of cancer cells.
Red wines also contain another family of antioxidant compounds called polyphenols, with role in improving the immune system, reducing cholesterol levels and blood pressure, preventing cancer and combating against harmful bacteria. Red wines also contain a significant amount of flavonoids, antioxidants known to lower risks of cancer.
Wines are not only benefic for your physical health. They can also be of great help in overcoming stress. The calming effect of wines may also provide you the mental focus necessary to overcome a serious illness, if you are suffering from a disease.
From the list of health benefits of red wines vs. white wines we can see that, generally, red wines can be considered a healthier option. However, this also depends on the winemaker and wine quality. Certain winemakers provide high quality white wines that may offer more health benefits than red wines. However, even if wines can be beneficial to your health, you should not consume them excessively.
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